Surgical Technology – What Does a Surgical Technologist Do?

Lab instruments in tray.

Want the inside scoop? Watch what Ashley, a Concorde graduate, has to say about being a surgical technologist HERE.


A Surgical Technologist is a highly skilled allied health professional who works as an integral part of the surgical team during a surgical procedure.  One of the most critical components of a surgical technologist’s responsibilities is to maintain a sterile environment before, during and after surgery. By appropriately preparing operating rooms, surgical technologists help lower the rate of infection in patients.

Before each procedure, surgical technologists are responsible for gathering the needed supplies and instruments for each procedure, transporting them to the operating room and arranging them in the proper positions.

During every surgical procedure, the surgical technologist is a vital team member who assists the surgeon by handing them the correct instruments and medicines. It is important for a surgical technologist to critically evaluate the situation and think ahead so they can anticipate what the surgeon may need next.

After surgery, a surgical technologist helps remove the patient from the operating room and assists with the clean-up and sterilization of the instruments.

As indicated by the Association of Surgical Technologists (AST), the role of the surgical technologist requires medical technologist training and certification. The AST requires surgical technologists to possess “expertise in the theory and application of sterile and aseptic technique,” and that they “combine the knowledge of human anatomy, surgical procedures…to facilitate a physician’s performance of invasive therapeutic and diagnostic procedures.”

A healthcare profession as a surgical technologist results in the delivery of a sterile environment and the critical thinking skills needed to produce collaboration between operating room team members along with high quality patient care!

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