How RTs Treat Asthma
Apr. 3, 2017
Allergy season is upon us. Pollen, ragweed and other allergens are going to be causing allergy sufferers to sniffle and wheeze before we know it. It also can exacerbate a more serious condition â asthma. Did you know that the Respiratory Therapist (RT), which many of our Concorde students are training to become, plays a key role in the treatment of asthma? According to Sylton Hurdle, BSRT, RRT, Program Director for the RT program at Concordeâs campus in Garden Grove, Calif., the respiratory therapist can do everything from the simple administration of small volume nebulizer treatments to patients ranging from infants to adults to advanced assessment and treatment of the patient in âstatus asthmaticusâ in the emergency room.
Diagnosis of asthma can be challengingHurdle said the diagnosis of asthma can often be challenging. He points to a 2016 paper written by Des Jardins and Burton and published in the Clinical Manifestations and Assessment of Respiratory Disease, 7th Edition, that states that the diagnosis of asthma in early childhood is based primarily on the assessment of the childâs symptoms and physical findings â¦ and good clinical judgment. A complete history and physical examination â along with lung function testing before and after bronchodilator medication administration showing at least a 12 percent improvement â will in most cases confirm the diagnosis of asthma in the older child and adult.
Treatments a Respiratory Therapist can administorHurdle said treatment or management of asthma can include the following:
- Daily long-term control medication, specifically anti-inflammatory therapy (commonly referred to as steroid medication therapy)
- A step-wise approach to medication administration is recommended to gain and maintain control of asthma
- Develop patient/doctor partnership. The goal of this partnership is guided self-management so the patient has the ability to manage the disease his or herself
- Identify and reduce exposure to risk factors. This often will involve testing to determine what is triggering the asthmatic reaction
- Thorough patient, family and/or caregiver education. This often is the most challenging as patients start to feel better and think, âI donât need the medications anymoreâ when this is not accepted practice. This disease must be managed with a medication regimen to be effective. According to a paper by R.D. Kacmarek and published in 2005 in The Essentials of Respiratory Care, dosages may be reduced dependent on the type and amounts of symptoms.