How is Your Oral Health Linked to Your Overall Health?
May. 25, 2018
The mouth is a window into the health of the body and can show signs of nutritional deficiencies or general infection. Systemic diseases, those that affect the entire body, such as diabetes, AIDS, and Sjogren's Syndrome have the possibility of becoming apparent because of other oral problems.
How they are connected
Where you aware that your oral health is linked to your overall health? The mouth is filled with countless bacteria, up to more than 6 million, which can be linked to tooth decay and periodontal (gum) disease. Researchers have found that periodontitis (advanced form of periodontal disease) is linked with other health problems, such as cardiovascular disease, stroke and bacterial pneumonia.
The body's natural defenses and proper oral health care can keep these bacteria under control. However, without proper oral hygiene, bacteria can reach levels could possibly lead to oral infections, such as tooth decay and gum disease as stated above.
Conditions linked to poor oral health
There are lots of possible side effects of not taking care of your oral health. Some of the more common conditions linked to poor oral health are:
Endocarditis: infection of the inner lining of your heart, called endocardium. You get endocarditis when bacteria and other germs from other areas of the body, such as your mouth, spread through the bloodstream and attach to damaged areas in your heart.
Cardiovascular disease: some research indicates the heart disease, clogged arteries and stroke might be linked to the inflammation and infections that oral bacteria can lead to
Pregnancy and birth: periodontists has been linked to premature birth and low birth weight
While some conditions are affected due to poor oral health, certain conditions can have the reverse effect and cause issues with your oral health, such as:
Diabetes: diabetes reduces the body's resistance to infection, putting your oral health at risk. Gum disease more often in people with diabetes. Research shows that people who have gum disease have a harder time controlling their blood sugar levels, and regular periodontal care can improve your control of diabetes.
HIV/AIDS: oral complications, such as mucosal lesions, can be common in people infected with HIV/AIDS
Osteoporosis: periodontal bone loss and tooth loss can be linked to osteoporosis, which is a disease that causes bones to become brittle and weak. Sometimes the drugs used to treat osteoporosis can carry a small risk of damage to the bones of the jaw.
Alzheimer's disease: Worsening of ones oral health can be seen as Alzheimer's disease progresses.
Other conditions that are possible links to poor oral health include eating disorders, rheumatoid arthritis, head and neck cancers, and Sjogren's syndrome, an immune system disorder that causes dry mouth.
Protect your oral health
In order to keep yourself in good oral health it is suggested that you do the following things:
- Brush your teeth at least 2 twice a day for 2 min each using a fluoride toothpaste
- Floss daily
- Eat a healthy balanced diet and limit snacks
- Replace toothbrush every 3-4 months
- Schedule 2 dental checkup and cleanings per year, or every 6 months
- Avoid tobacco use
The bottom line
Your mouth and body are connected and the health of one affects the other. While there's still more research needed to determine exactly how oral health and overall health are linked exactly, we do know they in fact are linked. It's even possible that poor oral health may also trigger other conditions were not yet aware of.
If you have specific questions you'd like answered or are looking for a teeth check up, Concorde is here to help. Give us a call to learn more